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Warner Brothers Cartoons

What is the difference between

looney tunes jpg merrie melodies jpg

"Looney Tunes" and "Merrie Melodies" Cartoons?

Very little. In fact after 1944 there was no difference. Originally Looney Tunes showcased an established "star," such as Porky Pig or Bugs Bunny. Merrie Melodies were more or less one time shots, often centered around a song owned by Warner Brothers. Merrie Melodies cartoons had to include at least one full chorus from a Warner Brother song. Name bands played these songs whenever possible, but this lasted only through the first few shorts. The policy disturbed the animators of Merrie Melodies, since the songs often changed the cartoons' momentum and pacing.

In the late 1930 animators no longer had to put a song in every Merrie Melodies film. The one shot Looney Tunes that were made were cartoons that failed to make an indent and establish an ongoing character.

Another change happened in 1934 when Merrie Melodies were filmed in color and Looney Tunes remained in black and white. By 1940 Bugs, Daffy and the rest of the gang were featured in both Merrie Melodies and Looney Tunes. In 1944 both series of cartoons were filmed in color and all distinctions between the series ended.

Main Characters
With date of first appearence

1930s

1950s

1940s


Notes:

*As early as 1938 there is a rabbit annoying Elmer Fudd who looks very much like the early Bugs Bunny. Though this rabbit has a voice and laugh very similar to Woody Woodpecker. In 1939 in Hare-um Scare-um the rabbit is given the name Bugs Bunny, (off screen) but he isn't really acting like the Bugs we know yet. 1940's Elmer's Candid Camera is Bugs first appearance as the Bugs we know, though he isn't drawn exactly like his is now. Also in 1940 we get Bugs first undisputable appearance. In A Wild Hare he pops up out of his rabbit hole and says "What's Up Doc?" Thus many cartoon experts consider this to be the first REAL appearance of Bugs, with the others being rabbits that merely resembled Bugs.

* *Prior to Claude's appearance there were numerous cats as minor players in shorts that looked and acted just like him. 1948 is the first established date for a film with Claude being named.

* * *Prior to 1940, as early as 1937 there was a character very similar in appearance to Elmer Fudd. The film called Egghead Rides Again is considered by some to be Elmer Fudd. Although it isn't till 1940 when Arthur Q Bryan takes over vocal duties.



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